Main areas of study:
1. The nature of environmental decision making using examples at local national, regional and global levels to illustrate key concepts: assessment approaches; weighing alternatives; the policy process; ‘value’ of information; systems, risk, and economic based approaches.
2. Measuring impacts: Environmental impact Assessment (EIA); Strategic Impact Assessment (SEA); Cost-Benefit Analysis, Ecological Footprinting, Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA); Environmental Accounting and Life Cycle approaches.
3. Ecosystem services and the challenges of combining the ecological and social aspects for an integrated approach
4. The role of assessment in decision making: alternative approaches, utilisation of information and policy change.
5. Widening participation: roles of the expert and stakeholders; forms of participation; accounting for public opinion: polls, surveys, the media, the internet.
6. The importance of the decision making context; notably that of regional and spatial planning.